In the case of sprinkler systems, the pipe networks are equipped with sealed nozzles that open individually when heated and the fire water spray is targeted to the fire source. You can fight or extinguish the fire directly at the source as a result of the resulting cooling effect of water evaporation and the subsequent exclusion of air due to the mist. An extinguishing operation is triggered in case of a temperature rise directly at the sprinkler head. This is achieved by the expansion of a liquid or by the separation of a solder joint. The response sensitivity can be influenced by the design of the sprinkler.
An extensive pipeline network with a closed extinguisher nozzle protects the relevant areas. An adequate water supply is provided from compressed air containers, elevated tanks, mains water, master or intermediate containers with pump systems or various combinations of the systems stated above.
The output of a sprinkler system is designed according to the assignment of fire hazards (Low Hazard LH, Ordinary Hazard OH1-4, High Hazard Production, HHP 1-4 & Storage HHS1-4). The indicators for the plant sizing parameters are protection area, water pressure, effective area and operating time. Depending on the requirements, systems with EFSM (increased water pressure) can be used.